Railroads Sold Their Gray County Land To Land Companies

Surveys of the land grants were made by the railroad companies. Most of the area of Gray County was surveyed by the International and Great Northern Railroad (I. & G.N.R.R.) which later merged with the Houston and Great Northern Railroad (H. & G.N.R.R.).

Photo of Eloise Lane

Eloise Lane

Surveys of the land grants were made by the railroad companies. Most of the area of Gray County was surveyed by the International and Great Northern Railroad (I. & G.N.R.R.) which later merged with the Houston and Great Northern Railroad (H. & G.N.R.R.). In the southern part of the county, surveys-were made by the Corpus Christi, San Diego, and Rio Grande Railroad (C.C.S.D. & R.G.R.R.) and the Pacific Railway (D. & P.R.).

In 1875, the consolidated International and Houston company sold its lands to the Texas Land Company. These lands were then conveyed to the New York and Texas Land Company, Ltd. in 1880. At that time, the New York and Texas Land Company had headquarters at Palestine, Texas, but in 1885, moved its headquarters to Austin for easier accessibility to official documents relating to its vast holdings.

The New York and Texas Land Company acquired approximately 6,000,000 acres of land extending from the Panhandle of Texas to the Gulf of Mexico. Its first big land sale was to the Francklyn Land and Cattle Company which was organized in 1882 by Charles G. Francklyn, a capitalist from New York and London. Francklyn’s company was backed by his father-in-law, E.F. Cunard of the Cunard Steamship Line.

Colonel B.B. Groom, a promoter from Kentucky, was employed to manage the Francklyn company. He was assisted in this ranching enterprise by his son, Harrison (Harry) Thomson Groom. With the approval of Charles Francklyn, the Diamond F cattle brand was worked out by B.B. Groom and filed in October 1882.

After four years the Francklyn company became insolvent, and the company known at first as White Deer Lands was organized in 1886.

One of the rarest documents in the White Deer Land Museum archives is a mortgage of the Francklyn Land and Cattle Company dated November 27, 1883. It is signed by Charles Francklyn, president of the company, and attached are signatures of E.E. Carhart and Newton F. Locke, clerks for Carson and Wheeler Counties .

Over 200 Articles, written by Eloise Lane, were published in the Pampa News. These articles may be accessed by clicking on each section below. A list of articles will be revealed that are linked to a page containing the text of the article.

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Articles 41-60
  • The Pioneer Cottage
  • Pampa's First Doctor
  • Doctor Makes House Calls
  • A Red Cross Nurse
  • Pampa's First School
  • Hobart Went To London
  • Cemetery Began In 1904
  • First Business District
  • C.P. Buckler Arrives
  • Five Barrett Brothers
  • Influence Of The Santa Fe
  • Trains Still Roll
  • John V. Thomass - Teacher
  • Cattle-loading Center
  • Rolla J. Sailor & Arrowheads
  • A.H. Doucette Arrives
  • Lands Are Advertised
  • The Holland Hotel
  • Wheat Left Pampa
  • First National Bank Begins
Articles 61-80
  • Pampa News Begins
  • First Denominational Church
  • 2nd Office Of WD Lands
  • J.N. Duncan Arrives
  • Nels Walberg Sells…
  • Dormer Simms
  • Fourth Of July Celebrations
  • Pampa's First Cars
  • Pampa In 1907-08
  • J.S. Wynne Family Arrives
  • Gray Count State Bank
  • Baptist Church Organized
  • Joe & Lizzie Bowers
  • Threatened By Prairie Fire
  • Library Began In 1907
  • J.R. Henry
  • Sir Gordan & Lady Cunard
  • Three Vicars Brothers
  • Dodd Grain And Produce
  • December 29, 1991
Articles 81-100
  • D.C. Davis Family
  • Long Christmas Celebration
  • First Christian Church
  • Facts About Pampa
  • Buster Brown
  • The Last Hanging
  • Bones Hooks
  • The "Red Brick" Is No More
  • The Purviances Family
  • The Dr. E. von Brunow Park
  • Boards Of 1rst Headquarters.
  • Mary Jane Purvis
  • Cook - Adams Addition
  • Nativity Scenes
  • Clyde Carruth
  • The Mine Tragedies
  • Additions To Pampa
  • Third Family In Pampa
  • Frank Dittmeyer
  • Bricklayer Indian Jim
Articles 101-120
  • A.A. Tiemann
  • First Movies And Lights
  • Pampa Incorporated
  • Mark And Sara Fletcher
  • Annie Baker Daniels
  • Pampa's Business District
  • Birthday Tea Of 1919
  • Former Pampa Minister
  • John Mack Patton
  • The First Brass Band
  • Early Graduating Class
  • "How We Met"
  • F.P. Greever Is Assassinated
  • George Tyng's Father
  • L.H. & Lula Greene
  • John & Lena McKamy
  • Robert & Mary Yeager
  • "Dear Old PHS"
  • Supt. Believed In People
  • William A. & Ruth Green
Articles 121-140
  • Origin Of The "White Deer" Name
  • The Log House On White Deer Creek
  • Obtaining The Land
  • The Lands Organized
  • Cattle Brands Tell Story
  • Ghosts And All
  • Southern Kansas Railroad
  • Fire Guard Dam
  • When The Railroad Came
  • The Sutton RR Station
  • Post Office At Pampa
  • The Bell Family
  • J.C. Short
  • Pampa 1892-1902
  • Pampa Laid Out In 1902
  • Crystal Palace Founded
  • Gray County Organization
  • Organization - Continued
Articles 141-160
  • Origin Of The "White Deer" Name
  • The Log House On White Deer Creek
  • Obtaining The Land
  • The Lands Organized
  • Cattle Brands Tell Story
  • Ghosts And All
  • Southern Kansas Railroad
  • Fire Guard Dam
  • When The Railroad Came
  • The Sutton RR Station
  • Post Office At Pampa
  • The Bell Family
  • J.C. Short
  • Pampa 1892-1902
  • Pampa Laid Out In 1902
  • Crystal Palace Founded
  • Gray County Organization
  • Organization - Continued
Articles 161-180
  • Origin Of The "White Deer" Name
  • The Log House On White Deer Creek
  • Obtaining The Land
  • The Lands Organized
  • Cattle Brands Tell Story
  • Ghosts And All
  • Southern Kansas Railroad
  • Fire Guard Dam
  • When The Railroad Came
  • The Sutton RR Station
  • Post Office At Pampa
  • The Bell Family
  • J.C. Short
  • Pampa 1892-1902
  • Pampa Laid Out In 1902
  • Crystal Palace Founded
  • Gray County Organization
  • Organization - Continued
Articles 181-200
  • Origin Of The "White Deer" Name
  • The Log House On White Deer Creek
  • Obtaining The Land
  • The Lands Organized
  • Cattle Brands Tell Story
  • Ghosts And All
  • Southern Kansas Railroad
  • Fire Guard Dam
  • When The Railroad Came
  • The Sutton RR Station
  • Post Office At Pampa
  • The Bell Family
  • J.C. Short
  • Pampa 1892-1902
  • Pampa Laid Out In 1902
  • Crystal Palace Founded
  • Gray County Organization
  • Organization - Continued